Syria’s Idlib: Turkey calls for ceasefire and Russia opposes as last decisive battle looms


September 08, 2018 00:37:37

Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan has called for a ceasefire in the rebel-held region of Idlib in north-west Syria on Friday (local time) and said an anticipated Government assault on insurgents there could result in a massacre.

Key points:

  • The trilateral summit in Tehran aims at charting a way to end the conflict
  • Backed by Russia and Iran, Assad prepares for what could be the conflict’s last decisive battle in Idlib
  • The UN has warned an assault on Idlib could lead to a humanitarian catastrophe

But Russia’s President Vladimir Putin said Moscow opposed a truce, and Iranian leader Hassan Rouhani said Syria must regain control over all its territory.

The three presidents, whose countries are key foreign players in Syria’s long civil war, were speaking at a summit in Tehran aimed at charting a way to end the conflict.

The situation in Idlib, the insurgent’s only remaining major stronghold, is an immediate issue as President Bashar al-Assad’s forces, backed by Russia and Iran, prepare for what could be the conflict’s last decisive battle.

The United Nations has warned an assault could lead to a humanitarian catastrophe. But as the leaders gathered in Tehran, Russian and Government warplanes hit rebel-held parts of Idlib, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights war monitor said.

Tehran and Moscow have helped Mr Assad turn the course of the war against an array of opponents ranging from Western-backed rebels to Islamist militants, while Turkey is a leading opposition supporter and has troops in the country.

In opening remarks, Mr Erdogan called on Mr Putin and Mr Rouhani to agree to a ceasefire in Idlib, saying such an accord would be a “victory” of their summit.

However, Mr Putin said he opposed a ceasefire because Nusra Front and Islamic State militants located there were not part of peace talks.

Syria should regain control of all its territory, he said.

“The fact is that there are no representatives of the armed opposition here around this table. And more still, there are no representatives of Jabhat al-Nusra or ISIS or the Syrian army,” Mr Putin said.

“I think in general the Turkish president is right. It would be good. But I can’t speak for them, and even more so can’t talk for terrorists from Jabhat al-Nusra or ISIS that they will stop shooting or stop using drones with bombs.”

‘The final major battle”

Mr Rouhani also said the battle in Syria would continue until militants are pushed out of the whole country, especially in Idlib, but he added any military operations should avoid harming civilians.

He called on all militants in Syria to disarm and seek a peaceful end to the conflict.

The Assad Government was not directly represented at the summit, nor was the United States or other Western powers.

Widely abhorred internationality for the brutal conduct of the war, Mr Assad has largely reclaimed most of Syrian territory though much of it is ravaged.

As the conflict approaches its endgame, Iran, Turkey and Russia are seeking to safeguard their own interests after investing heavily militarily and diplomatically in Syria.

“The battle for Idlib is going to be the final major battle,” said Hilal Khashan, a political science professor at the American University of Beirut.

“It will be waged irrespective of civilian casualties, even though they will make an effort to minimize it.”







First posted

September 08, 2018 00:25:37

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