Eastern Ghouta has come under heavy attack in recent days. (Syrian Civil Defence White Helmets via AP)
Rockets fired on a market in a Government-controlled neighbourhood of Damascus have killed 35 people and injured more than 20 others, according to Syrian state-run media, marking one of the highest death tolls in a single attack targeting the capital.
- Damascus has come under increasing attack as government forces pound rebel-held eastern Ghouta
- The Government’s assault on eastern Ghouta has displaced 45,000 people, the UN says
- Rescue workers are still retrieving bodies from the basement of a school in eastern Ghouta that was bombed on Monday
The Government blamed rebels in the eastern suburbs of Damascus for the attack on the Kashkol neighbourhood.
The capital — the seat of President Bashar al-Assad’s power — has come under increasing attack as Government forces continue to pound rebel-held Eastern Ghouta, with military backing from Russia.
With Government forces tied up in the month-long offensive on Eastern Ghouta, Islamic State (IS) militants seized a neighbourhood on its southern edge, forcing the Government to rush in reinforcements.
IS militants captured the neighbourhood of Qadam late on Monday, a week after rebels had surrendered it to the Government.
At least 36 soldiers and pro-Government militiamen were killed in the clashes, according to the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. It said dozens more were captured or wounded.
Last year, IS lost the swath of territory it had controlled in eastern Syria since 2014 — and where it had proclaimed its self-styled “caliphate” — but it retains pockets of control in areas across Syria, including two neighbourhoods on the southern edge of Damascus.
On Monday, the militants pounced on Qadam from the neighbouring Hajr al-Aswad and Yarmouk neighbourhoods, which they control.
More than 1,000 rebels and their families had earlier fled Qadam for rebel-held territory in the north of the country, instead of submitting to the Damascus authorities.
There was no comment from the Syrian Government following the IS seizure of Qadam.
Tens of thousands flee fighting
The Government’s assault on Eastern Ghouta has displaced 45,000 people, the United Nations said on Tuesday, while tens of thousands more are living in desperate conditions in northern Syria, where a Turkish military campaign is underway.
In Eastern Ghouta, rescue workers were still retrieving bodies from the basement of a school that was bombed on Monday by Government or Russian jets, a spokesman for the Syrian Civil Defence group said.
The bodies of 20 women and children were retrieved from the rubble, said the group, also known as the White Helmets. The school in the town of Arbin was being used as a shelter by residents.
Oways al-Shami, the Civil Defence spokesman, said continued bombing was slowing down rescue operations.
“They’re not able to use their heavy vehicles because the planes are targeting the Civil Defence directly,” Mr al-Shami said of the rescuers.
More than 1,100 have been killed in Eastern Ghouta in the past month. (Reuters: Bassam Khabieh)
Residents in Douma, the largest town in Eastern Ghouta, also reported indiscriminate shelling and air strikes.
“I haven’t been able to go out to look for food since yesterday,” Ahmad Khansour, a media activist who spoke to The Associated Press from a basement in the town, said. He reported 175 strikes since Monday evening.
At least 36 people were killed under the hail of strikes on Tuesday, according to the Observatory.
Government forces abruptly intensified their fire on Douma on Sunday after a six-day reprieve allowing a limited number of medical evacuations.
In the meantime, they made sweeping advances against other areas of Eastern Ghouta, leaving just a fraction of the enclave still outside the Government’s control.
“There’s nowhere left to attack” but Douma, Mr Khansour said.
A spokesman for the UN refugee agency, Andrej Mahecic, told reporters in Geneva on Tuesday that although tens of thousands had fled the fighting in Eastern Ghouta, thousands more were “still trapped and in dire need of aid,” adding that a shortage of shelters was “a major concern”.
Air strikes and shelling have destroyed and damaged hospitals and clinics, leaving civilians desperately short of medical equipment and supplies. (Reuters: Bassam Khabieh)