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Man dies, pair in hospital after boat capsizes at Cronulla

<br><div> <!--endnoindex--> <p class="published"> Updated <span class="timestamp"> April 25, 2018 14:06:22 </span> </p> <div class="inline-content video full"> <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-25/one-dead-two-hospitalised-after-boat-capsize/9696254" class="inline-video"> <img src="//www.abc.net.au/news/image/9696256-16x9-700x394.jpg" alt="One man dead and two hospitalised after boat capsizes" title="One man dead and two hospitalised after boat capsize" width="700" height="394"/></a><a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-25/one-dead-two-hospitalised-after-boat-capsize/9696254" class="inline-caption"><strong>Video:</strong> One man dead and two hospitalised after boat capsizes <span class="source">(ABC News)</span> </a></div> <p>A man aged in his 40s has died and two people have been hospitalised after a boat capsized south of Sydney this morning.</p><p>About 9:40am emergency services were called to Bate Bay, at Cronulla, following reports that a boat had capsized.</p><p>Officers from Sutherland Police Area Command, with assistance from the Marine Area Command, PolAir, Westpac Life Saver Rescue Helicopter and Surf Life Saving Australia, located the men in the water.</p><p>All three people were brought to shore.</p><p>A man, aged in his 40s, was treated by NSW Ambulance paramedics, but despite their efforts, he died at the scene.</p><p>A man and a woman were also treated at the scene for minor injuries and were taken to Sutherland Hospital.</p><p>The capsized vessel was recovered and will be forensically examined.</p><p>A crime scene has been established and a report will now be prepared for the coroner.</p> <p class="topics"> <strong>Topics:</strong> <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/topic/accidents">accidents</a>, <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/topic/cronulla-2230">cronulla-2230</a>, <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/topic/nsw">nsw</a> </p> <p class="published"> First posted <span class="timestamp"> April 25, 2018 13:29:15 </span> </p> <!--noindex--> </div> <br> <br><a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-25/man-dies-two-hospitalised-after-boat-capsizes-in-cronulla/9695936">Source link </a>

AFL suspends Port Adelaide's Sam Powell-Pepper over drunken behaviour at city bar

<br><div> <!--endnoindex--> <p class="published"> Posted <span class="timestamp"> April 25, 2018 14:01:48 </span> </p> <div class="attached-content"> <div class="inline-content photo left"> <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-25/sam-powell-pepper/9696234"> <img src="//www.abc.net.au/news/image/9696208-3x4-340x453.jpg" alt="A footballer holds his head in his hands." title="Sam Powell-Pepper" width="340" height="453"/></a><a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-25/sam-powell-pepper/9696234" class="inline-caption"><strong> Photo:</strong> Sam Powell-Pepper has missed the Power's two games since the early morning incident. <span class="source">(AAP: David Mariuz)</span> </a></div> </div> <p>Port Adelaide player Sam Powell-Pepper has been suspended for another week after the AFL found he inappropriately touched a woman at an Adelaide bar while he was drunk.</p><p>The 20-year-old initially received a one-game ban from the club's leadership group for breaching curfew after the episode was made public, and missed the Power's defeat to Essendon.</p><p>The incident occurred in the early hours of April 8, following the Power's win over Brisbane.</p><p>Powell-Pepper also missed the Power's clash with Geelong on Saturday, after ruling himself out as the AFL investigated the incident.</p><p>The league's integrity unit has now concluded its probe, and has banned the midfielder from playing in this weekend's game against North Melbourne.</p><blockquote class="quote--pullquote"><p>"Powell-Pepper engaged in inappropriate behaviour that is unbecoming for an AFL player by being intoxicated in a public place and by making inappropriate contact with a female," the league said.</p></blockquote><p>"Taking into account Powell-Pepper has missed the last two Port Adelaide AFL matches in rounds four and five while the investigation was ongoing, Powell-Pepper will be suspended for a further one week.</p><p>"The AFL also note that it has made no other findings in this matter."</p><p>In a statement on its website, the Power said Powell-Pepper had accepted the sanction.</p><p>"Port Adelaide acknowledges the conclusion to the AFL Integrity Department's investigation into an incident involving Sam Powell-Pepper at an Adelaide bar," it said.</p><p>However, Powell-Pepper is eligible to play for Port Adelaide Magpies in today's SANFL grand final rematch against Sturt.</p><p>The club said it would respond to the AFL's decision in more detail at a media conference tomorrow.</p><p>The incident is not the only recent controversy to have embroiled the club, after footage emerged of fans brawling during the Power's 34-point loss to Geelong.</p> <p class="topics"> <strong>Topics:</strong> <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/topic/australian-football-league">australian-football-league</a>, <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/topic/sport">sport</a>, <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/topic/port-adelaide-5015">port-adelaide-5015</a>, <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/topic/adelaide-5000">adelaide-5000</a>, <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/topic/sa">sa</a> </p> <!--noindex--> </div> <br> <br><a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-25/afl-suspends-powell-pepper-for-another-game-over-bar-incident/9696192">Source link </a>

Kembla Grange races; Matt Jones best bets preview’ horse racing tips

<br><p>LA COURBETTE has two things to overcome in Thursday’s Lake Illawarra Benchmark 65 Handicap (2000m) at Kembla Grange. One is the big weight and the other query is in her control.</p><div><p>The Matthew Smith-trained mare is the best horse in the race, which is why she is carrying 62kg, but she won’t give herself a chance if she doesn’t settle properly with Nick Heywood on board. She’s been able to relax in her races of late, but only when ridden cold.</p><p><b><a href="sport/superracing/aquis-farm-swoop-on-trapeze-artist-for-everest-as-owners-confirm-colt-will-race-on/news-story/4f626ec3b7bdea6946f0f827a25133ba" target="_blank">AQUIS LOCKS IN TRAPEZE ARTIST FOR EVEREST</a></b></p><p>Smith said she is racing well and if Heywood can have her in a midfield spot approaching the home turn, she can get the job done despite looking like she may want 2200m.</p><p>“She’s a bit of a highly strung mare, but when she keeps herself calm she’s got a decent win in her,” Smith said. “We’ve been riding her that way because she can overdo it if you ask her for it out of the barriers and she just wants to run along.</p><p><span class="h3"><b>MATT JONES’S BEST BETS</b></span></p><p><b>BEST BET</b>: ARTEMIS ROSE (Race 6, No. 1)</p><p>This is a much easier task for her after running behind good horses like Best Guess, Vellor and Lisdoonvarna of late. And she wasn’t far off them either so a repeat of those runs against this field will make her very hard to beat.</p><p><b>NEXT BEST</b>: CEDARWOOD (Race 7, No. 1)</p> <p>He ran behind Queensland Derby-bound Higher Ground last time and 1400m looks more attractive for him and the 3kg Chris Williams claim makes a big difference.</p><p><b>VALUE BET</b>: PRIDE OF DARCI (Race 5, No. 9)</p><p>He’s another that gets a much easier assignment here after running against horses that have gone on to be Saturday-class runners. He’s won first-up, too.</p><p><b>QUADDIE</b></p><p>Race 5: 1, 8, 9, Race 6: 1, 3, Race 7: 1, 2, 3, 8, Race 8: 1, 3, 4, 7</p><p><b>TRAINER TO WATCH</b></p><p>GWENDA MARKWELL is bringing a huge team to her home track and her horses look strongest in the first three races.</p><p><b>JOCKEY TO WATCH</b></p><p>ADAM HYERONIMUS probably won’t be on any favourites but his four runners present good value and if he can get one home you will have a good day.</p><p><i><b>SCROLL DOWN FOR MATT’S EXTENDED PREVIEW & TIPS</b></i></p><p>******</p><p>“She doesn’t have to be last and I’ll be telling Nick that. The key is to keep her relaxed otherwise she wants to get on the bridle and pull hard.”</p><p>The five-year-old is coming off a second placing at Kembla Grange last start when she carried 61kg behind Temprado, who went on to run less than three lengths behind Higher Ground in the Group 3 Frank Packer Plate at Randwick last Saturday.</p><p>Prior to that she had Group 3 form behind the likes of Karavali, The Pinnacle and Domed.</p><p>Smith said her last-start effort has her primed to take the next step and improve a couple of lengths against eight rivals.</p><p>“She probably looked like she peaked a little bit on her run, but with that run under her belt, she should pretty close to the mark,” he said.</p><p><span class="blockquote">“There’s probably not a horse in this field like there was that beat her last start so she’s right in it if the weight doesn’t pull her back.</span></p><p>“I’d love to see her midfield, four off the lead, rather than last and eight off the lead. If she’s in the right spot I’m sure she’ll give it a good shake.”</p><p>My Girl Maji can get the day off on a winning note for Smith in the first race — the Duck Creek Dash Maiden Plate (1000m).</p><p>She has had six trials, which always raises eyebrows, but Smith said he has been taking his time to educate her and she comes off a second placing to Copy Boy over 800m at Kembla Grange, so she will know her surroundings at her first start, which is a bonus.</p><p>“She’s a work in progress but has ability,” Smith said. “Her last trial was her best but at the moment her brain is going faster than her body. We’re trying to get her to relax and the field doesn’t look overly strong if she can do things right.”</p><p>Smith said the one to beat was Bounding Badger, who has finished in the placings eight times from 13 starts. “Gwenda’s horse obviously has the race experience and doesn’t do much wrong,” Smith said.</p><p>Meantime, Extreme Measure backed up Mark Newnham’s opinion of her last start and she’s set to continue her rise through the grades at Kembla Grange.</p><p>The three-year-old Smart Missile filly won easily when first-up in a Hawkesbury maiden last start and takes the natural jump up to a Class 1 event over 1200m.</p><p>She showed a great turn of foot last start and Newnham wasn’t surprised that she improved in her second preparation after two unplaced runs in her first campaign.</p><p>“It was a really good performance after suffering a bit of interference after the start and only beginning fairly,” he said. “She still managed to gather herself up and win, and the horse she beat then came out and won its next start. It was only a four-horse race but it still won, so the form is franked.</p><p>“I was expecting that. It wasn’t a surprise because her work had been very good. She trialled well, but without blinkers on. We put them on for the race and she’ll have them again for this race.”</p><p>From barrier one, with Josh Parr on board, she will get an easier run on Thursday and shouldn’t have to come from the rear of the field like she did first-up, and Newnham said she has really come on from that performance.</p><p>“She was very strong at the end the other day so she’ll be suited to 1200m at a nice big track like Kembla Grange,” he said. “She picked them up pretty well last time and if she can finish off the same, which I expect she will, she’ll be right in the finish.”</p><p>If Extreme Measure can run in the top three, Newnham will send her to a metropolitan midweek race for her next start. “It’s a solid enough field, but on her win the other day and on her work since, I’d expect her to measure up,” he said.</p><p><span class="h3"><b>INSIDE MAIL WITH MATT JONES</b></span></p><p><b>RACE 1 (12.35pm)</b></p><p>Shall we give 3. Bounding Badger one more chance? She should have won already but hasn’t from 13 starts. She’s getting closer, and in a small field, she’ll lead and look the winner for most of the race. 4. My Girl Maji has had six trials ahead of her debut, which is a worry, but her last one was just about her best, and it was at Kembla Grange. 1. Battle Anthem did better than most thought on debut and will be an improver as will 2. Follow The Money.</p><p><b>BETTING STRATEGY</b>: BOUNDING BADGER to win.</p><p><b>RACE 2 (1.10pm)</b></p><p>1. Clifton County hit the line very well last start and off that run punters will be keen to back him now that he’s gone up an extra 200m. 2. Stealthy will be a big improver after a real solid first-up performance and he too will be better over 1400m. 3. Soir De Lune went down by a big margin last start when sent out odds-on in a weaker race, so plenty of improvement is required. 4. Membership almost stole it last start and peaks for this. The field isn’t any stronger so she’s a top pick.</p><p><b>BETTING STRATEGY</b>: MEMBERSHIP to win.</p><p><b>RACE 3 (1.50pm)</b></p><p>2. Dream Genie is knocking on the door and is showing plenty of improvement with each run and if that continues she will go very close. 3. Miss Jenny put in a career-best run last start and it wouldn’t surprise if she was the race leader. 1. Just A Joke is the interesting runner here and he’s bred to stay so 1600m first-up isn’t a concern. He will be hitting the line hardest. 5. Expiredtime is down in grade but needs to lift.</p><p><b>BETTING STRATEGY</b>: DREAM GENIE to win.</p><p><b>RACE 4 (2.25pm)</b></p><p>1. Spin Bowles has just been running into one better and this field isn’t the hardest he has run against. He will be winning sooner rather than later but he might have to wait for another day because 2. C’est Davinchi took Spin Bowles on last start and comfortably beat him home so have faith that he can do it again. 6. Stage Pass is back after a year off and her last run was a narrow defeat to I Am Excited, who has gone on to be a star, so she’s got the X-factor. 9. Tactical Formation will come back a much better horse after being thrown in the deep end in high ground at his first preparation.</p><p><b>BETTING STRATEGY</b>: TACTICAL FORMATION to win.</p><p><b>RACE 5 (3.05pm)</b></p><p>We will back Josh Parr to get Siam into a good spot on the speed from the wide gate and if he gets him into a good spot, he’ll have every chance with a good fresh record. The two trials have him fit enough to produce. Stablemate 8. Phabeni won well on debut but has been off the scene since August. He has had two nice trials leading into this and will be one off the fence with cover getting a nice run. 9. Pride Of Darci drops well back in grade for this and will be in the finish.</p><p><b>BETTING STRATEGY</b>: PRIDE OF DARCI to win.</p><p><b>RACE 6 (3.40pm)</b></p><p>1. Artemis Rose will have a much better run in transit here and expect her to finish off better than last time when behind a couple of very nice mares. This is much easier for her and the blinkers go on. 3. Medovina should be up on the speed. She has got plenty of natural talent and she is easily up to this grade. 4. Ballet Rose is another that can be forgiven for her last run when three-wide the whole way. Best of the rest is 2. Can Dream</p><p><b>BETTING STRATEGY</b>: ARTIMIS ROSE to win.</p><p><b>RACE 7 (4.15pm)</b></p><p>2. Scream Park is also nominated for the Group 3 Hawkesbury Guineas, so if she runs here expect a big showing despite giving older horses weight. Stablemate 1. Cedarwood was just beaten by a horse that went on to win a Group 3 race at its next start so his form is super and he raced like dropping back to 1400m would suit him better. 8. Popular is a better horse than her record (4:1-0-1) suggests and this is a suitable race for her to start her preparation. 3. Cuba will be an improver at the 1400m.</p><p><b>BETTING STRATEGY</b>: CEDARWOOD to win.</p><p><b>RACE 8 (4.50pm)</b></p><p>3. Celebris is shaping up well for this after a last-start effort which would have really tightened him up for a 2000m trip. 1. La Courbette is the best horse in the race but has to carry weight and the key to her winning will be how close she is to the leaders on the turn. Too far back, and she won’t pick them up with 62kg on her back. 4. Royal Advance is the likely leader and will put up a good effort, while 7. Saint Katrina will love going up to 2000m.</p><p><b>BETTING STRATEGY</b>: CELEBRIS to win.</p></div> <br> <br><a href="//www.news.com.au/sport/superracing/raceday-focus-matt-joness-preview-and-tips-for-kembla-grange/news-story/cc1434f1226d4c25230aff505ba69796">Source link </a>

Broome's Cable Beach closed after deadly irukandji jellyfish stings swimmer

<br><img src="//www.abc.net.au/news/image/9696150-16x9-2150x1210.jpg" /><br><div> <!--endnoindex--> <p class="published"> Updated <span class="timestamp"> April 25, 2018 13:41:02 </span> </p> <p>Broome's Cable Beach has been closed after a person was stung by one of the world's deadliest jellyfish. </p><p>Surf Life Saving WA said the person made their own way to hospital for treatment after being stung by an irukandji jellyfish.</p><p>About 10 people are stung by an irukandji in the Broome area each year.</p><p>The latest incident comes just weeks after <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-16/teenager-recovers-from-irukandji-sting-wa/9663962" target="_self" title="">14-year-old Hannah Mitchell was left fighting for her life after being stung on her arm</a> while swimming off the state's Pilbara coast on Easter Sunday.</p><p>Hannah was placed in an induced coma for several days at Princess Margaret Hospital, where she spent two weeks recovering. </p><p>Along with excruciating pain and cramping, one of the more unusual symptoms from an irukandji sting is a sense of impending doom.</p><h2>Reactions to sting unpredictable</h2><p>Little is known about irukandji jellyfish in WA.</p><p>James Cook University Institute for Tropical Health and Medicine Associate Professor Jamie Seymour said it was difficult to predict exactly how people would react to irukandji jellyfish stings.</p><p>"The issue we have with irukandji stings is that we don't know enough about it," he said.</p><p>"One would expect that small children and elderly people should [experience] a greater effect, but that doesn't seem to be the case.</p><blockquote class="quote--pullquote"><p>"But the vast majority of people who do get stung by this animal ... are going to [end up in] hospital in a truckload of pain."</p></blockquote><p>There have only been two deaths recorded from irukandji jellyfish stings.</p> <p class="topics"> <strong>Topics:</strong> <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/topic/animal-attacks">animal-attacks</a>, <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/topic/oceans-and-reefs">oceans-and-reefs</a>, <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/topic/broome-6725">broome-6725</a> </p> <p class="published"> First posted <span class="timestamp"> April 25, 2018 13:34:46 </span> </p> <!--noindex--> </div> <br> <br><a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-25/broome-cable-beach-closed-after-irukandji-jellyfish-sting/9696102">Source link </a>

Cannabis use and psychosis: what is the link and who is at risk?

<br><div> <!--endnoindex--> <div class="byline"> By Jerome Sarris and Joe Firth</div> <p class="published"> Posted <span class="timestamp"> April 25, 2018 11:56:35 </span> </p> <div class="inline-content photo full"> <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-25/close-up-of-a-joint/9695734"> <img src="//www.abc.net.au/news/image/9547556-3x2-700x467.jpg" alt="Close up of a joint on a table." title="A joint" width="700" height="467"/></a><a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-25/close-up-of-a-joint/9695734" class="inline-caption"><strong> Photo:</strong> <span>Only certain compounds in cannabis are at fault.</span> <span class="source">(Flickr: Nena B)</span> </a></div> <p>There has been a recent global rise in "green fever", with <a href="//www.indy100.com/article/marijuana-weed-cannabis-legal-decriminalise-medical-world-mapped-7693396">various jurisdictions</a> either decriminalising or <a href="//theconversation.com/greens-want-cannabis-to-be-made-legal-95071">legalising</a> cannabis.</p><p>But alongside relaxing the rules comes concern about the health implications of cannabis use. We often hear of a link between <a href="//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29557759">cannabis use and psychosis</a>. So how strong is the link, and who is at risk?</p><h2>What is psychosis?</h2><p>There's <a href="//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26568030">consistent evidence</a> showing a <a href="//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29557758">relationship over time</a> between heavy or repeated cannabis use (or those diagnosed with cannabis use disorder) and an experience of psychosis for the first time.</p><p>Psychotic disorders are <a href="//www.sane.org/mental-health-and-illness/facts-and-guides/psychosis">severe mental health conditions</a>. They're characterised by a "loss of contact with reality", where the individual loses the ability to distinguish what's real from what's not. Psychotic symptoms can include visual hallucinations, hearing voices, or pervasive delusional thinking.</p><p>These can often present as a "<a href="//www.sane.org/mental-health-and-illness/facts-and-guides/psychosis">psychotic episode</a>" — which is a relatively sudden worsening of psychotic symptoms over a short time-frame, frequently resulting in hospitalisation.</p><p>The heaviest users of cannabis are around <a href="//doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbw003">four times as likely</a> to develop schizophrenia (a psychotic disorder that affects a person's ability to think, feel and behave clearly) than non-users. Even the "average cannabis user" (for which the definition varies from study to study) is about <a href="//doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbw003">twice as likely</a> as a non-user to develop a psychotic disorder.</p><p>Furthermore, <a href="//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2801827/">these studies found</a> a causal link between tetrahydrocannabinol (THC — the plant chemical which elicits the "stoned" experience) and psychosis. This means the link is not coincidental, and one has actually caused the other.</p><h2>Who is at risk?</h2><p>People with certain gene variants seem to be at higher risk. However our understanding of these factors is still limited, and we're unable to use genetic information alone to determine if someone will or won't develop psychosis from cannabis use.</p><p>Those with these genetic variants who have also experienced childhood trauma, or have a paranoid personality type, are <a href="//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29557759">even more at risk</a>. So too are adolescents and young adults, who have growing brains and are at an age where schizophrenia is <a href="//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29557758">more likely to manifest</a>.</p><p>The type of cannabis material being used (or the use of synthetic cannabinoids, known as "spice") <a href="//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2801827/">may also increase the risk of psychosis</a>. As mentioned above, this is due to the psychological effects of the chemical THC (one of more than 140 cannabinoids found in the plant).</p><p>This compound may actually mimic the presentation of psychotic symptoms, including paranoia, sensory alteration, euphoria, and hallucinations. In <a href="//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15173844">laboratory-based research</a>, even healthy people may exhibit increased symptoms of psychosis when given THC compounds, with more severe effects observed in people with schizophrenia.</p><p>Many cannabis strains contain high amounts of THC, found in plant varieties such as one called "skunk". These are popular with consumers due to the "high" it elicits. However with this goes <a href="//dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(14)00117-5">the increased risk of</a> paranoia, anxiety, and psychosis.</p><div class="inline-content photo full"> <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-25/marijuana-joint-being-smoked/9695732"> <img src="//www.abc.net.au/news/image/7981920-3x2-700x467.jpg" alt="Joint being smoked" title="Joint being smoked" width="700" height="467"/></a><a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-25/marijuana-joint-being-smoked/9695732" class="inline-caption"><strong> Photo:</strong> <span class="caption">Even healthy people given THC can experience psychotic symptoms, including paranoia.</span> <span class="source">(ABC News)</span> </a></div><h2>But can't cannabis also be good for mental health?</h2><p>Ironically, one compound found in cannabis may actually be beneficial in treating psychosis. In contrast to THC, a compound called cannabidiol (CBD) <a href="//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26852073">may provide a buffering effect</a> to the potentially psychosis-inducing effects of THC.</p><div class="inline-content video right"> <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-23/green-rush:-australias-new-marijuana-moguls/9683518" class="inline-video"> <img src="//www.abc.net.au/news/image/9681856-16x9-340x191.jpg" alt="Green Rush: Australia's new marijuana moguls" title="Worker pushes a cart of marijuana plants at the Canopy Growth Corporation facility in Canada" width="340" height="191"/></a><a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-23/green-rush:-australias-new-marijuana-moguls/9683518" class="inline-caption"><strong>Video:</strong> Green Rush: Australia's new marijuana moguls <span class="source">(ABC News)</span> </a></div><p>This may occur in part due to its ability to partially block the same brain chemical receptor THC binds with. CBD can also inhibit the breakdown of a brain chemical called "anandamide," which makes us feel happy. Incidentally, anandamide is also found in <a href="//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11363932">chocolate</a> and is aptly named after the Sanskrit word meaning "bliss".</p><p>CBD extracted from cannabis and used in isolation is well-tolerated with minimal psychoactive effects. In other words, it doesn't make a person feel "high". Some <a href="//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29241357">studies</a> have <a href="//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22832859">found</a> CBD is actually beneficial in improving the symptoms of schizophrenia. But <a href="//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29619533">one more recent study</a> showed no difference in the effects of CBD compared to a dummy pill on symptoms of schizophrenia.</p><p>Perhaps this means CBD benefits a particular biological sub-type of schizophrenia, but we'd need further study to find out.</p><h2>Would legalising make a difference?</h2><p>It's important to note most studies finding a causal link between cannabis use and psychosis examined the use of illicit cannabis, usually from unknown origins. This means the levels of THC were unrestricted, and there's a possibility of synthetic adulterants, chemical residues, heavy metals or other toxins being present due to a lack of quality assurance practices.</p><p>In the future, it's possible that standardised novel "medicinal cannabis" formulations (or isolated compounds) may have negligible effects on psychosis risk.</p><p>Until then though, we can safely say given the current weight of evidence, illicit cannabis use can increase the risk of an acute psychotic episode. And this subsequently may also increase the chances of developing schizophrenia. </p><p>This is particularly true when high-THC strains (or synthetic versions) are used at high doses in growing adolescent brains.</p><p><strong>Jerome Sarris is professor of integrative mental health and deputy director of the NICM Health Research Institute at Western Sydney University. Joe Firth is a postdoctoral research fellow at NICM.</strong></p><p><strong>This article first appeared in <a href="//theconversation.com/cannabis-and-psychosis-what-is-the-link-and-who-is-at-risk-95368" target="_blank" title="">The Conversation.</a></strong></p> <p class="topics"> <strong>Topics:</strong> <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/topic/mental-health">mental-health</a>, <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/topic/cannabis">cannabis</a>, <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/topic/drug-use">drug-use</a>, <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/topic/drugs-and-substance-abuse">drugs-and-substance-abuse</a>, <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/topic/drug-offences">drug-offences</a>, <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/topic/law-crime-and-justice">law-crime-and-justice</a>, <a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/topic/australia">australia</a> </p> <!--noindex--> </div> <br> <br><a href="//www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-25/cannabis-psychosis-link-pot-smoking-marijuana/9695666">Source link </a>

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